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List of documents of international organizations and projects of international technical assistance in the judicial sphere

List of documents of the Council of Europe in the judicial sphere

  1. European and International Standards in the Judicial Sphere
  2. Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Adopted by General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948)
  3. The Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Adopted in Rome on 4 September 1950)
  4. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights(Adopted by General Assembly resolution 2200A (XXI) of 16 December 1966)
  5. Montreal Universal Declaration on the Independence of Justice(First World Conference on the Independence of Justice 1983)
  6. Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary(Adopted by the Seventh United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders held at Milan from 26 August to 6 September 1985 and endorsed by General Assembly resolutions 40/32 of 29 November 1985 and 40/146 of 13 December 1985)
  7. Procedures for the Effective Implementation of the Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary(Adopted by the Economic and Social Council in Resolution 1989/60 and endorsed by the General Assembly in Resolution 44/162 of 15 December 1989)
  8. Judges’ Charter in Europe (Approved by the European Association of Judges, 1993)
  9. European Charter on the statute for judges (8-10 July 1998)
  10. Explanatory Memorandum to European Charter on the statute for judges (8-10 July 1998)
  11. Latimer House Guidelines for the Commonwealth on Parliamentary Supremacy and Judicial Independence(Adopted on 19 June 1998 at a meeting of the representatives of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association, the Commonwealth Magistrates and Judges Association, the Commonwealth Lawyers’ Association and the Commonwealth Legal Education Association)
  12. The Universal Charter of the Judge(Approved by the International Association of Judges on 17 November 1999)
  13. Beijing Statement of Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary in the LAWASIA Region(Adopted by the Chief Justices of the LAWASIA region and other judges from Asia and the Pacific in Beijing in 1995 and adopted by the LAWASIA Council in 2001)
  14. Framework Global Action Plan for Judges in Europe(Adopted by the Committee of Ministers at its 740 meeting in Strasbourg, 27 February 2001)
  15. The Bangalore Principles of Judicial Conduct(The Bangalore Draft Code of Judicial Conduct 2001 adopted by the Judicial Group on Strengthening Judicial Integrity, as revised at the Round Table Meeting of Chief Justices held at the Peace Palace, The Hague, November 25-26, 2002)
  16. Resolution of the European Association of Judges about the situation in Ukraine regarding the issue of the disciplinary liability of judges (Trondheim, 27 September 2007)
  17. Magna Carta of Judges (Fundamental Principles) (Adopted by the Consultative Council of European Judges at its 11th Plenary meeting (Strasbourg, 17-19 November 2010)

Opinions by the Venice Commission

  1. (403/2006) Report of the European Commission for Democracy through Law (Venice Commission) on the judicial appointments (Adopted by the Venice Commission at its 70th Plenary session (Venice, 16-17 March 2007)
  2. (550/2009)Joint Opinion on the Draft Law on the Judicial System and the Status of Judges of Ukraine (Adopted by the Venice Commission at its 82nd Plenary session (Venice, 12-13 March 2010)
  3. (588/2010) Joint opinion on the Law on the judicial system and the status of judges of Ukraine by the Venice Commission and the Directorate of Co-operation within the Directorate General of Human Rights and Legal Affairs of the Council of Europe (Adopted by the Venice Commission at its 84th Plenary session (Venice, 15-16 October 2010) 
  4. (588/2010) Joint opinion on the Law by amending certain legislative acts of Ukraine in relation to the prevention of abuse of the right to appeal the Venice Commission and the Directorate of Co-operation within the Directorate General of Human Rights and Legal Affairs of the Council of Europe (Adopted by the Venice Commission at its 84th Plenary Session (Venice, 15-16 October 2010)
  5. (639/2011) The Joint opinion on the Draft Law amending the law on the judiciary and the status of judges and other legislative acts of Ukraine by the Venice Commission and Directorate of Justice and Human Dignity within the Directorate General of Human Rights and Rule of Law of the Council of Europe (Adopted by the Venice Commission at its 88th Plenary session (Venice, 14-15 October 2011)
  6. (722/2013) Opinion on the Draft Law on the amendments to the Constitution, Strengthening the Independence of Judges and on the Changes to the Constitution proposed by the Constitutional Assembly of Ukraine (Adopted by the Venice Commission at its 95th Plenary session (Venice, 14-15 June 2013)
  7. (747/2013) Opinion on Proposals Amending the Draft Law on the Amendments to the Constitution to Strengthen the Independence of Judges of Ukraine (Adopted by the Venice Commission at its 97th Plenary session (Venice, 6-7 December 2013)
  8. (788/2014) Interim opinion of the European Commission for Democracy through Law on the Law on government cleansing (Lustration Law) of Ukraine (Adopted by the Venice Commission at its 101st Plenary session (Venice, 12-13 December 2014)
  9. (801/2015) Joint opinion by the Venice Commission and the Directorate of Human Rights of the Directorate General of Human Rights and the Rule of Law on the Law on the Judiciary and the Status of Judges and amendments to the Law on the High Council of Justice of Ukraine, adopted by the Venice Commission at its 102nd Plenary Session (Venice, 20-21 March 2015)
  10. (803/2015) Preliminary Opinion on the proposed constitutional amendments regarding the judiciary of Ukraine, adopted by Venice Commission on 24th July 2015
  11. (803/2015) Opinion on the Proposed Amendments to the Constitution of Ukraine regarding the Judiciary as approved by the Constitutional Commission on 4 September 2015 adopted by the Venice Commission at its 104th Plenary Session (Venice, 23-24 October 2015)
  12. (870/2016) Opinion on the Draft Law on the Constitutional Court (adopted by the Venice Commission at its 109th Plenary Session, Venice, 9-10 December 2016)
  13. (896/2017) Opinion on the Draft Law on Anticorruption Courts and on the Draft Law on Amendments to the Law on the Judicial System and the Status of Judges (concerning the introduction of mandatory specialisation of judges on the consideration of corruption and corruption-related offences) adopted by the Venice Commission at its 112th Plenary Session (Venice, 6-7 October 2017)
  14. (969/2019) Opinion on the Legal framework in Ukraine governing the Supreme Court and judicial self-governing bodies, adopted by the Venice Commission at its 121st Plenary Session, Venice, 6-7 December 2019
  15. (999/2020) Joint Opinion of the Venice Commission and the Directorate General of Human Rights and Rule of Law (DGI) of the Council of Europe on the draft amendments to the Law “on the Judiciary and the Status of Judges” and certain Laws on the activities of the Supreme Court and Judicial Authorities (draft Law no. 3711), adopted by the Venice Commission at its 124th online Plenary Session (8-9 October 2020)
  16. (1012/2020) Urgent Joint Opinion of the Venice Commission and the Directorate General of Human Rights and Rule of Law (DGI) of the Council of Europe on the Legislative Situation regarding anti-corruption mechanisms, following Decision No. 13-R/2020 of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine, issued pursuant to Article 14a of the Venice Commission’s Rules of Procedure on 9 December 2020, endorsed by the Venice Commission on 11 December 2020 at its 125th online Plenary Session (11-12 December 2020) (1012/2020)
  17. (1012/2020) Urgent opinion on the Reform of the Constitutional Court, issued pursuant to Article 14a of the Venice Commission’s Rules of Procedure on 9 December 2020, endorsed by the Venice Commission on 11 December 2020 at its 125th online Plenary Session (11-12 December 2020)
  18. (1029/2021) Urgent joint opinion of the Venice Commission and the Directorate General of Human Rights and the Rule of Law (DGI) of the Council of Europe on the draft law on amendments to certain legislative acts concerning the procedure for electing (appointing) members of the High Council of Justice (HCJ) and the activities of disciplinary inspectors of the HCJ (Draft law no. 5068), issued pursuant to Article 14a of the Venice Commission’s Rules of Procedure on 5 May 2021, endorsed by the Venice Commission at its 127th Plenary Session (Venice and online, 2-3 July 2021)
  19. (1032/2021) Joint Urgent opinion of the Venice Commission and the Directorate General of Human Rights and Rule of Law of the Council of Europe, on the draft Law amending provisions of the Code of Administrative offences and the Criminal Code regarding the liability of public officials for inaccurate asset declaration (No. 4651 OF 27 January 2021), issued pursuant to Article 14a of the Venice Commission’s Rules of Procedure
  20. (1070/2021) Amicus Curiae brief on the limits of subsequent (a posteriori) review of constitutional amendments by the Constitutional Court, adopted by the Venice Commission at its 131st Plenary Session (Venice, 17-18 June 2022)
  21. (1091/2022) Joint amicus curiae brief on certain questions related to the election and discipline of the members of the High Council of Justice, adopted by the Venice Commission at its 132nd Plenary Session (Venice, 21-22 October 2022)

Recommendations and Resolutions of the Committee of Ministers

  1. Resolution (76) 5 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on legal aid in civil, commercial and administrative matters (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 18 February 1976)
  2. Resolution (78) 8 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on legal aid and advice (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 2 March 1978)
  3. Recommendation (84) 5 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on the principles of civil procedure designed to improve the functioning of justice (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 28 February 1984)
  4. Recommendation (86) 12 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States concerning measures to prevent and reduce the excessive workload in the courts (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 16 September 1986)
  5. Recommendation (93) 1 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on effective access to the law and to justice for the very poor (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 8 January 1993)
  6. Recommendation (94) 12 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on the Independence, Efficiency and Role of Judges (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 13 October 1994)
  7. Recommendation (95) 5 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States concerning the introduction and improvement of the functioning of appeal systems and procedures in civil and commercial cases (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 7 February 1995)
  8. Recommendation (95) 11 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States concerning the selection, processing, presentation and archiving of court decisions in legal information retrieval systems (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 11 September 1995)
  9. Recommendation (95) 12 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on the management of criminal justice (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 11 September 1995)
  10. Recommendation (2000) 2 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on the re-examination or reopening of certain cases at domestic level following judgments of the European Court of Human Rights (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 19 January 2000)
  11. Recommendation (2001) 2 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States  concerning the design and re-design of court systems and legal information systems in a cost-effective manner (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 28 February 2001)
  12. Recommendation (2001) 3 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on the delivery of court and other legal services to the citizen through the use of new technologies
  13. Recommendation (2003) 14 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on the interoperability of information systems in the justice (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 9 September 2003)
  14. Recommendation (2003) 15 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on archiving electronic documents in the legal sector (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 9 September 2003)
  15. Recommendation (2004) 4 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on the European Convention on Human Rights in university education and professional training (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 12 May 2004)
  16. Recommendation (2004) 5 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on the verification of the compatibility of draft laws, existing laws and administrative practice with the standards laid down in the European Convention on Human Rights (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 12 May 2004)
  17. Recommendation (2005) 12 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States containing an application form for legal aid abroad for use under the European Agreement on the Transmission of Applications for Legal Aid (CETS № 092) and its Additional Protocol (CETS № 179) (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 15 June 2005)
  18. Recommendation (2010) 12 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on judges: independence, efficiency and responsibilities (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 17 November 2010)

Opinions of the Consultative Council of European Judges (CCJE)

  1. Opinion (2001) 1 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on standards concerning the independence of the judiciary and the irremovability of judges
  2. Opinion (2001) 2 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the funding and management of courts with reference to the efficiency of the judiciary and to article 6 of the European convention on human rights
  3. Opinion (2002) 3 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the principles and rules governing judges’ professional conduct, in particular ethics, incompatible behaviour and impartiality
  4. Opinion (2003) 4 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on appropriate initial and in-service training for judges at national and european levels
  5. Opinion (2003) 5 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the law and practice of judicial appointments to the European court of human rights
  6. Opinion (2004) 6 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on fair trial within a reasonable time and judge’s role in trials taking into account alternative means of dispute settlement
  7. Opinion (2005) 7 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on “Justice and society”
  8. Opinion no (2006) 8 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on “The role of judges in the protection of the rule of law and human rights in the context of terrorism”
  9. Opinion (2006) 9 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the role of national judges in ensuring an effective application of international and european law
  10. Opinion (2007) 10 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the Council for the Judiciary at the service of society
  11. Opinion (2008) 11 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the quality of judicial decisions
  12. Opinion (2009) 12 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the relations between judges and prosecutors in a democratic society
  13. Opinion (2010) 13 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the role of judges in the enforcement of judicial decisions
  14. Opinion (2011) 14 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe “Justice and information technologies (IT)”
  15. Opinion (2012) 15 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the specialisation of judges
  16. Opinion (2013) 16 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the relations between judges and lawyers
  17. Report (2013) 1 of the Consultative Council of European Judges on the judiciary and judges in the Council of Europe member States (abridged)
  18. Opinion (2014) 17 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the evaluation of judges' work, the quality of justice and respect for judicial independence
  19. Opinion (2015) 18 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the position of the judiciary and its relation with the other powers of state in a modern democracy
  20. Report (2015) 2 of the Consultative Council of European Judges on the judiciary and judges in the Council of Europe member States (abridged)
  21. Opinion (2016) 19 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the role of court presidents
  22. Opinion (2017) 20 of the Consultative Council of European Judges on the role of courts with respect to the uniform application of the law;
  23. Report on Judicial Independence and Impartiality of in the Council of Europe Member States in 2017
  24. Opinion (2018) 21 of the Consultative Council of European Judges on preventing corruption among judges;
  25. Opinion (2019) 22 of the Consultative Council of European Judges on the role of judicial assistants.
  26. Opinion (2020) 23 of the Consultative Council of European Judges on the role of associations of judges in supporting judicial independence.
  27. Opinion (2021) 24 of the Consultative Council of European Judges on evolution of the Councils for the Judiciary and their role in independent and impartial judicial systems.

Conclusions of the First study commission of the International Association of Judges (IAJ)

  1. The liability of judges (1980)
  2. Administration of the courts in the context of the independence of the judge (1981)
  3. Continuing Education of Judges (1982)
  4. The structures of the judicial organization in the member-countries of IAJ (1983)
  5. The judges and the protection of human rights (1985)
  6. Supervision of the conduct or behaviour of the judges: concept; who supervises; right of defence (and human rights); independence of the judges (1987)
  7. The appointment and the social status of judges (1988)
  8. The responsibility of the judge. Its role and position vis-a-vis other powers within the State and the society. The independence of the Judiciary. The accountability of its members to the State and to individuals (1989)
  9. How to protect judges from external political, economical and social influences and from violence; with particular regard to the respect due to the judgements of the courts and to the social status of the judges (1990)
  10. Participation of the judicial power in the administration of justice (1994)
  11. Criteria for the assessment of the work of courts and judges (1995)
  12. Recruitment and training of judges in a modern society (1996)
  13. To revalorize the relations between the judiciary and the other powers of state for a better working of justice (1999) 
  14. The independence of the individual judge within his own organization (2000)
  15. The appointment and the role of presidents of courts (2001)
  16. The role and function of the High Council of Justice or analogous bodies in the organisation and management of the national judicial system (2003)
  17. Rules for the ethical conduct of judges, their application and observance (2004)
  18. Economics, Jurisdiction and Independence (2005)
  19. How can the appointment and assessment (qualitative and quantitative) of judges be made consistent with the principle of judicial independence (2006)

Council of Europe expert opinions in the judicial sphere

  1. CoE Opinion on the Rules of Procedure of the Public Council of Integrity of Ukraine (April 2017)
  2. Brief overview of the Standards of the Council of Europe as to the assessment of a legally valid judicial decision of a judge during the procedure of judicial evaluation
  3. Opinion of the Council of Europe on the decisions of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine № 2-p/2020 and № 4-p/2020 (April 2020).

OSCE/ODIHR Opinions

  1. OSCE/ODIHR Opinion on the Law of Ukraine on the Judiciary and the Status of Judges (Warsaw, 30 June 2017)

Expert opinions developed with assistance of the USAID New Justice Program

  1. Report on the Public Integrity Council and the Results Applied by the High Qualification Commission of Judges of Ukraine (April-May 2017)

Expert opinions developed with assistance of the EU

  1. EU Expert Report on Supreme Court Competition
  2. Report on Selection and Evaluation of Judges in Ukraine

Reports of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the human rights situation in Ukraine

  1. Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the situation of human rights in the temporarily occupied Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine for for the period from 13 September 2017 to 30 June 2018
  2. Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the human rights situation in Ukraine for the period from 16 November 2017 to 15 February 2018
  3. Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the human rights situation in Ukraine for the period from 16 February 2018 to 15 May 201
  4. Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the human rights situation in Ukraine for the period from 16 May 2018 to 15 August 2018
  5. Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the human rights situation in Ukraine for the period from 16 August 2018 to 15 November 2018
  6. Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the human rights situation in Ukraine for the period from 16 November 2018 to 15 February 2019
  7. Report on the human rights situation in Ukraine for the period from 16 February 2019 to 15 May 2019
  8. Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the human rights situation in Ukraine for the period from 16 May to 15 August 2019
  9. Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the human rights situation in Ukraine for the period from 16 August to 15 November 2019
  10. Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the human rights situation in Ukraine 16 November 2019 to 15 February 2020.
  11. Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the human rights situation in Ukraine 16 February to 31 July 2020.
  12. Human Rights in the Administration of Justice in ConflictRelated Criminal Cases in Ukraine April 2014 – April 2020.
  13. Report on the human rights situation in Ukraine for the period from 1 August 2020 to 31 October 2020
  14. Report on the human rights situation in Ukraine from 1 February to 31 July 2021
  15. Update on the human rights situation in Ukraine from 1 August to 31 October 2021
  16. Report on the human rights situation in Ukraine from 1 August 2021 to 31 Junuary 2022
  17. Update on the human rights situation in Ukraine from 24 February to 26 March 2022
  18. The situation of human rights in Ukraine in the context of the armed attack by the Russian Federation from 24 February to 15 May 2022
  19. Report on the human rights situation in Ukraine for the period from 1 February to 31 July 2022

Other International Documents on Judiciary

  1. The Bangalore Principles of Judicial Conduct
  2. The Commentary on the Bangalore Principles of Judicial Conduct