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List of documents of the Council of Europe in the judicial sphere

List of documents of the Council of Europe in the judicial sphere

  1. European and International Standards in the Judicial Sphere
  2. Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Adopted by General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948)
  3. The Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Adopted in Rome on 4 September 1950)
  4. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights(Adopted by General Assembly resolution 2200A (XXI) of 16 December 1966)
  5. Montreal Universal Declaration on the Independence of Justice(First World Conference on the Independence of Justice 1983)
  6. Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary(Adopted by the Seventh United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders held at Milan from 26 August to 6 September 1985 and endorsed by General Assembly resolutions 40/32 of 29 November 1985 and 40/146 of 13 December 1985)
  7. Procedures for the Effective Implementation of the Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary(Adopted by the Economic and Social Council in Resolution 1989/60 and endorsed by the General Assembly in Resolution 44/162 of 15 December 1989)
  8. Judges’ Charter in Europe (Approved by the European Association of Judges, 1993)
  9. European Charter on the statute for judges (8-10 July 1998)
  10. Explanatory Memorandum to European Charter on the statute for judges (8-10 July 1998)
  11. Latimer House Guidelines for the Commonwealth on Parliamentary Supremacy and Judicial Independence(Adopted on 19 June 1998 at a meeting of the representatives of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association, the Commonwealth Magistrates and Judges Association, the Commonwealth Lawyers’ Association and the Commonwealth Legal Education Association)
  12. The Universal Charter of the Judge(Approved by the International Association of Judges on 17 November 1999)
  13. Beijing Statement of Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary in the LAWASIA Region(Adopted by the Chief Justices of the LAWASIA region and other judges from Asia and the Pacific in Beijing in 1995 and adopted by the LAWASIA Council in 2001)
  14. Framework Global Action Plan for Judges in Europe(Adopted by the Committee of Ministers at its 740 meeting in Strasbourg, 27 February 2001)
  15. The Bangalore Principles of Judicial Conduct(The Bangalore Draft Code of Judicial Conduct 2001 adopted by the Judicial Group on Strengthening Judicial Integrity, as revised at the Round Table Meeting of Chief Justices held at the Peace Palace, The Hague, November 25-26, 2002)
  16. Resolution of the European Association of Judges about the situation in Ukraine regarding the issue of the disciplinary liability of judges (Trondheim, 27 September 2007)
  17. Magna Carta of Judges (Fundamental Principles) (Adopted by the Consultative Council of European Judges at its 11th Plenary meeting (Strasbourg, 17-19 November 2010)
  18. Opinions by the Venice Commission

  19. Report of the European Commission for Democracy through Law (Venice Commission) on the judicial appointments (Adopted by the Venice Commission at its 70th Plenary session (Venice, 16-17 March 2007)
  20. Joint Opinion on the Draft Law on the Judicial System and the Status of Judges of Ukraine (Adopted by the Venice Commission at its 82nd Plenary session (Venice, 12-13 March 2010)
  21. Joint opinion on the Law on the judicial system and the status of judges of Ukraine by the Venice Commission and the Directorate of Co-operation within the Directorate General of Human Rights and Legal Affairs of the Council of Europe (Adopted by the Venice Commission at its 84th Plenary session (Venice, 15-16 October 2010)
  22. The Joint opinion on the Draft Law amending the law on the judiciary and the status of judges and other legislative acts of Ukraine by the Venice Commission and Directorate of Justice and Human Dignity within the Directorate General of Human Rights and Rule of Law of the Council of Europe (Adopted by the Venice Commission at its 88th Plenary session (Venice, 14-15 October 2011)
  23. Opinion on the Draft Law on the amendments to the Constitution, Strengthening the Independence of Judges and on the Changes to the Constitution proposed by the Constitutional Assembly of Ukraine (Adopted by the Venice Commission at its 95th Plenary session (Venice, 14-15 June 2013)
  24. Opinion on Proposals Amending the Draft Law on the Amendments to the Constitution to Strengthen the Independence of Judges of Ukraine (Adopted by the Venice Commission at its 97th Plenary session (Venice, 6-7 December 2013)
  25. Interim opinion of the European Commission for Democracy through Law on the Law on government cleansing (Lustration Law) of Ukraine (Adopted by the Venice Commission at its 101st Plenary session (Venice, 12-13 December 2014)
  26. Joint opinion on the Law on the judicial system and the status of judges and amendments to the Law on the High Council of Justice of Ukraine by the Venice Commission and the Directorate of Human Rights of the Directorate General of Human Rights and Rule of Law of the Council of Europe (Adopted by the Venice Commission at its 102nd Plenary session(Venice, 20-21 March 2015)
  27. Recommendations and Resolutions of the Committee of Ministers

  28. Resolution (76) 5 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on legal aid in civil, commercial and administrative matters (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 18 February 1976)
  29. Resolution (78) 8 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on legal aid and advice (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 2 March 1978)
  30. Recommendation (84) 5 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on the principles of civil procedure designed to improve the functioning of justice (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 28 February 1984)
  31. Recommendation (86) 12 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States concerning measures to prevent and reduce the excessive workload in the courts (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 16 September 1986)
  32. Recommendation (93) 1 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on effective access to the law and to justice for the very poor (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 8 January 1993)
  33. Recommendation (94) 12 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on the Independence, Efficiency and Role of Judges (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 13 October 1994)
  34. Recommendation (95) 5 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States concerning the introduction and improvement of the functioning of appeal systems and procedures in civil and commercial cases (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 7 February 1995)
  35. Recommendation (95) 11 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States concerning the selection, processing, presentation and archiving of court decisions in legal information retrieval systems (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 11 September 1995)
  36. Recommendation (95) 12 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on the management of criminal justice (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 11 September 1995)
  37. Recommendation (2000) 2 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on the re-examination or reopening of certain cases at domestic level following judgments of the European Court of Human Rights (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 19 January 2000)
  38. Recommendation (2001) 2 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on the construction and reconstruction of court systems and legal information in an economical way (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 28 February 2001)
  39. Recommendation (2001) 3 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on providing citizens with judicial and other legal services using the latest technology (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 28 February 2001)
  40. Recommendation (2003) 14 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on the interoperability of information systems in the justice (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 9 September 2003)
  41. Recommendation (2003) 15 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on archiving electronic documents in the legal sector (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 9 September 2003)
  42. Recommendation (2004) 4 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on the European Convention on Human Rights in university education and professional training (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 12 May 2004)
  43. Recommendation (2004) 5 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on the verification of the compatibility of draft laws, existing laws and administrative practice with the standards laid down in the European Convention on Human Rights (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 12 May 2004)
  44. Recommendation (2005) 12 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States containing an application form for legal aid abroad for use under the European Agreement on the Transmission of Applications for Legal Aid (CETS № 092) and its Additional Protocol (CETS № 179) (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 15 June 2005)
  45. Recommendation (2010) 12 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on judges: independence, efficiency and responsibilities (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 17 November 2010)
  46. Opinions of the Consultative Council of European Judges (CCJE)

  47. Opinion (2001) 1 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on standards concerning the independence of the judiciary and the irremovability of judges
  48. Opinion (2001) 2 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the funding and management of courts with reference to the efficiency of the judiciary and to article 6 of the European convention on human rights
  49. Opinion (2002) 3 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the principles and rules governing judges’ professional conduct, in particular ethics, incompatible behaviour and impartiality
  50. Opinion (2003) 4 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on appropriate initial and in-service training for judges at national and european levels
  51. Opinion (2003) 5 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the law and practice of judicial appointments to the European court of human rights
  52. Opinion (2004) 6 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on fair trial within a reasonable time and judge’s role in trials taking into account alternative means of dispute settlement
  53. Opinion (2005) 7 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on “Justice and society”
  54. Opinion no (2006) 8 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on “The role of judges in the protection of the rule of law and human rights in the context of terrorism”
  55. Opinion (2006) 9 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the role of national judges in ensuring an effective application of international and european law
  56. Opinion (2007) 10 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the Council for the Judiciary at the service of society
  57. Opinion (2008) 11 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the quality of judicial decisions
  58. Opinion (2009) 12 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the relations between judges and prosecutors in a democratic society
  59. Opinion (2010) 13 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the role of judges in the enforcement of judicial decisions
  60. Opinion (2011) 14 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe “Justice and information technologies (IT)”
  61. Opinion (2012) 15 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the specialisation of judges
  62. Opinion (2013) 16 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the relations between judges and lawyers
  63. Opinion (2014) 17 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the evaluation of judges' work, the quality of justice and respect for judicial independence
  64. Opinion (2015) 18 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the position of the judiciary and its relation with the other powers of state in a modern democracy
  65. Opinion (2016) 19 of the Consultative Council of European Judges for the attention of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the role of court presidents
  66. Report (2013) 1 of the Consultative Council of European Judges on the judiciary and judges in the Council of Europe member States
  67. Report (2015) 2 of the Consultative Council of European Judges on the judiciary and judges in the Council of Europe member States
  68. Conclusions of the First study commission of the International Association of Judges (IAJ)

  69. The liability of judges (1980)
  70. Administration of the courts in the context of the independence of the judge(1981)
  71. Continuing Education of Judges (1982)
  72. The structures of the judicial organization in the member-countries of IAJ (1983)
  73. The judges and the protection of human rights (1985)
  74. Supervision of the conduct or behaviour of the judges: concept; who supervises; right of defence (and human rights); independence of the judges (1987)
  75. The appointment and the social status of judges (1988)
  76. The responsibility of the judge. Its role and position vis-a-vis other powers within the State and the society. The independence of the Judiciary. The accountability of its members to the State and to individuals (1989)
  77. How to protect judges from external political, economical and social influences and from violence; with particular regard to the respect due to the judgements of the courts and to the social status of the judges (1990)
  78. Participation of the judicial power in the administration of justice (1994)
  79. Criteria for the assessment of the work of courts and judges (1995)
  80. Recruitment and training of judges in a modern society (1996)
  81. To revalorize the relations between the judiciary and the other powers of state for a better working of justice (1999)
  82. The independence of the individual judge within his own organization (2000)
  83. The appointment and the role of presidents of courts (2001)
  84. The role and function of the High Council of Justice or analogous bodies in the organisation and management of the national judicial system (2003)
  85. Rules for the ethical conduct of judges, their application and observance (2004)
  86. Economics, Jurisdiction and Independence (2005)
  87. How can the appointment and assessment (qualitative and quantitative) of judges be made consistent with the principle of judicial independence (2006)


December 23, 2014
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